Corns and calluses are your body’s reaction to friction and pressure. Although they usually develop on lesser toes, the big toe may also be affected. Beyond the classic pumice stone that many use to slough off the hard, yellowish skin in calluses and corns, you should opt for wide shoes to limit pressure and friction on your forefoot. Box-toed shoes can help in that regard. Insoles and soft cushions under your heel or ball of your foot can further alleviate callus pain, while doughnut-shaped pads would add extra corn protection. Information provided is for informational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for medical advice from a healthcare professional.
When you fall or turn your ankle, a foot doctor can take a closer look at this area of the body to determine what happened and what can be done to remedy the situation. As soon as you notice that something isn’t right and you begin to experience pain, it is time to call and make an appointment. You may need to have x-rays to see where the damage is, but by going to a podiatrist , you are getting an expert opinion on what should be done to correct or protect the feet or ankle.
One other factor that contributes to the flattening of the arch of the foot is tightness of the calf muscles. The calf muscle attaches into the foot by the achilles tendon into the back of the heel. When the calf muscle is tight it limits the movement of the ankle joint. When ankle joint motion is limited by the tightness of the calf muscle it forces the subtalar joint to pronate excessively. Excessive subtalar joint pronation can cause several different problems to occur in the foot. In this instance, it results in excessive tension of the plantar fascia.
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To soften and rid of your foot corns and calluses, use a 2 gallon warm water bath. In the bath, dissolve 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt and soak your foot for 15 minutes. Once the skin is fairly soft, use a pumice stone to rub off the dead skin layers. Once the fresh foot skin is exposed, apply a healthy coat of moisturizer. The first step in the treatment of Bunions, Corns, and Calluses is determining what is causing the problem. Check with your family doctor or Podiatrist (foot doctor) to find the best solution for your ailment.
The medical term for a bunion is Hallux Valgus and it is one of the most common foot deformities. There is a genetic component to bunions but is typically just faulty foot mechanics like flat feet, which can be a big contributor to a bunion. However, an even larger contributor to the development of bunions is the footwear that is worn. For example, if you over-pronate, which is the rolling in of the foot at the ankle joint, you are already prone to bunions If you add tight shoes to this problem, you will most likely develop a painful bunion along with calluses and possibly a hammer toe.
So what are bunions and hammer toes? A bunion (hallux valgus) is a boney bump behind the big toe. A hammer toe (claw, mallet, deformed toe) is a toe that is curved or curled when it should be straighter. And a tailor’s bunion (bunionette) is a boney bump behind the pinky toe. Other risk factors like walking activity, heredity, and walking surface affect the rate and type of development of these deformities. Often hammertoes and bunions will be visible for many years before they become painful. Sometimes a change in activity, shoes, or weight gain can make a bunion or hammertoe seem suddenly very painful.
Adequate foot support and proper foot mechanics are two keys to preventing or alleviating big toe problems. Flip flops, for instance, scarcely provide any foot support. Similarly, high-heeled shoes place excessive stress on your forefoot. Also, your big toe may find itself squished because your shoe is too straight. In that case, choose a shoe built with a curvature that mimics your foot. If you engage in regular physical activity, you should consider sport-specific footwear. For instance, sports that involve significant running or jumping require extra shock absorption from a shoes.